The Forth Worldwide Convention for “The Equilibrium of the World” happened in Havana., Cuba from 28 to 31 January 2019. The Convention, organized by the José Marti Challenge of Worldwide Solidarity, was sponsored by UNESCO and quite a few native and worldwide organisms and NGOs. It coincided with the 60th Anniversary of the Cuban Revolution and as such was additionally a celebration of that profitable demonstration to the world that socialism, solidarity and love for all times can truly survive towards all odds and, sure, Cuba, has confronted extra hardship than another nation in current historical past, by way of boycotts, embargoes and all types of financial sanctions, heinous army infiltrations and assassination makes an attempt, initiated by the USA and adopted, largely beneath threats from Washington, by a lot of the western world.
Viva Cuba! A celebration nicely deserved and within the identify of José Marti, who was born 166 years in the past, however whose ideas and religious considering for a brand new world are as legitimate at present as they have been then. They could maybe greatest be summarized as love, solidarity, justice, dwelling nicely for all and in peace. These rules have been taken over by Fidel and Raul Castro, Che and Hugo Chávez. They transcend present generations and attain far past Latin America.
The convention had many highlights; sensible audio system; a torch march was organized on the College of Havana in honor of José Marti; and the organizers provided the individuals a unprecedented music and trendy ballet efficiency on the Nationwide Theater.
From my viewpoint a number of the essential messages got here from the consultant of China, who talked concerning the New Silk Street, or the Belt and Street Initiative (BRI), of constructing bridges and connecting nations and other people, whereas the west was constructing partitions. A Russian speaker sadly admitted that it took his authorities a very long time and relentless making an attempt to construct alliances with the west, till they realized, comparatively just lately, that the west couldn’t be trusted. Professor Adan Chavez Frias Chavez, Hugo’s brother, described an invasive historical past over the previous 100 years by the USA of Latin America and referred to as upon the brother nations of the Americas and the world to bond collectively in solidarity to withstand the empire’s infringement and regular makes an attempt to subjugate sovereign nations with a imaginative and prescient in the direction of a multipolar world of equals, of sovereign nations dwelling collectively in peaceable relations.
My very own presentation targeted on Financial system of Resistance. And what a greater place than Cuba to speak about financial system of resistance! Unattainable. Cuba has a 60-year historical past of profitable resistance towards an enormous embargo, ordered by Washington and adopted by virtually the complete western world, thus demonstrating that the west has been lowered to a US colony. This was true already through the Chilly Conflict, however turned even clearer when the Soviet Union “fell”. Right here too, the west, led by Washington, was instrumental within the collapse of the united states – however that’s one other story – and the US grabbed the chance to grow to be the emperor of a unipolar world. Cuban troops additionally resisted and conquered the tried US Bay of Pigs (Playa Girón) invasion launched by President Kennedy in 1961, and never least, Fidel Castro survived greater than 600 CIA initiated assassination makes an attempt.
The rules of Financial system of Resistance cowl an enormous area of subjects with many ramifications. This presentation targeted on 4 key areas:
- Meals, medical and schooling sovereignty
- Financial and monetary sovereignty
- The Fifth Column; and,
- Water Assets: A human proper and an important useful resource for survival.
On meals, well being and schooling sovereignty – Cuba is 100% autonomous, as far well being and schooling go.
Nevertheless, Cuba imports greater than 70% of the meals her residents eat and that, at current, principally from the European Union. Cuba has the capability and agricultural potential to develop into not solely absolutely self-sufficient, however to develop and course of agricultural produce into an agricultural business and turn into a internet exporter of agricultural items.
This course of is perhaps addressed as a precedence coverage situation. Nevertheless, it should take a while to completely implement. In the meantime, it might be clever to diversify imports from different elements of the world than the EU – i.e. Russia, China, Central Asia, pleasant ALBA nations – as a result of Europe just isn’t reliable. They inform you right now, they’ll all the time honor your buying contracts, but when the empire strikes down with sanctions, as they did lately for anybody doing enterprise with Iran, Cuba could also be “cooked”.
Spineless Europe will bend to the orders of Washington. They’ve demonstrated this again and again, not least with Iran, even though they signed the so-called Nuclear Deal, the Joint Complete Plan of Motion, or JCPOA, on 14 July 2015 (the everlasting members of the United Nations Safety Council – america, UK, Russia, France, and China—plus Germany and the EU – and Iran), after which Obama lifted all sanctions with Iran solely to have Trump break the settlement and reimpose probably the most draconian sanctions on Iran and on enterprises doing enterprise with Iran. The US authorities, and by affiliation Europe, doesn’t adhere to any settlement, or any worldwide regulation, for that matter, when it doesn’t go well with them. There are many indications – Venezuela immediately, to be adopted by Nicaragua and Cuba. These must be legitimate alerts for Cuba to diversify her meals imports till full self-sufficiency is achieved.
Already in 2014, Mr. Putin stated the ‘sanctions’ have been the most effective factor that would have occurred to Russia. It pressured her to revamp her agriculture and rebuild her industrial parks with the newest know-how – to develop into absolutely unbiased from imports. At the moment, sanctions are a mere propaganda device of the west, however they’ve hardly an impression on Russia. Russia has turn into the most important wheat exporter on the planet. – Cuba might do likewise. She has the agricultural potential to turn into absolutely food-autonomous.
On Financial and monetary sovereignty 4 sides are being addressed. The primary one, overseas investments, Cuba might need to concentrate on (i) know-how; (ii) assuring that a majority of the funding shares stay Cuban; (iii) utilizing to the extent attainable Cuba’s personal capital (reserves) for investments. Overseas capital is sure to sure conditionalities imposed by overseas buyers, thus, it bears change fee and different dangers, to the purpose the place potential income from overseas belongings are often discounted by between 10% and 20%; and (iv) final however not least, Cuba should determine on the sectors for overseas buyers – NOT the overseas investor.
Following state of affairs, as propagated by opposition lawyer and economist, Pablo de Cuba, in Miami, must be prevented:
Cuba cedes a bit of her circumstances of sovereignty and negotiates with overseas buyers; places a specific amount of discounted debt on the collectors’ disposal, in order to draw extra investments in sectors that they, the buyers select, for the interior improvement of Cuba.
Because the hegemony of the US greenback is used to strangle any nation that refuses to bend to the empire, a progressive dedollarization is of the order, which means, along with the US greenback itself, transfer progressively away from all currencies which are intimately linked to the US greenback; i.e., Canadian and Australian dollars, Euro, Yen, Pound Sterling and extra. This can be a technique to be pursued within the short- and medium time period, for the safety towards extra sanctions dished out by the US and its spineless allies.
Concurrently, a rapprochement in the direction of different financial techniques, for instance, within the east, particularly based mostly on the Chinese language gold-convertible Petro-Yuan, could also be significantly thought-about. Russia and China, and, actually, all the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Group), have already designed a financial switch system circumventing the western SWIFT system, which has each transaction channeled by way of and managed by a US financial institution. That is the important thing motive for financial and monetary sanctions. There isn’t any purpose why Cuba couldn’t (steadily however pointedly) be a part of such an alternate system, to maneuver out of the western claws of embargo. The SCO members as we speak embody about half of the world inhabitants and management one third of the globe’s GDP.
Drawbacks can be that the import markets must be revisited and diversified, until western suppliers would settle for to be paid in CUC, or Yuan by way of a system totally different from SWIFT. Shifting away from the western financial switch system may additionally impression remittances from Cubans dwelling within the US and elsewhere within the west (about US$ three.four billion – 2017 – lower than four% of GDP). It will imply departing from financial transactions within the Euro and European financial zones.
Remember – the longer term is within the East. The West is committing slowly however steadily suicide.
One other essential recommendation is – keep away from IMF, World Financial institution, Inter-American Improvement Financial institution (IDB), World Commerce Group (WTO) – and the like. They’re so-called worldwide monetary and commerce organizations, all managed by the US and her western “allies” and have a tendency to enslave their shoppers with debt.
Case in Level, Mexico: President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), a leftist, has little margin to maneuver Mexico’s financial system, inherited from his neoliberal predecessor, Enrique Peña Nieto. Mexico’s funds are shackled by the worldwide banking system, led by the IMF, FED, WB and by affiliation, the globalized Wall Road system. For instance, AMLO meant to revive PEMEX, the petroleum state enterprise. The IMF informed him that he first needed to “financially sanitize” PEMEX, which means placing PEMEX by way of a extreme austerity program. The banking group agreed. In case AMLO wouldn’t comply with their “recommendation”, they could strangle his nation.
CUC versus the Peso, a twin financial system (CUC 1 = CuP 25.75), has additionally been utilized by China as much as the mid-80s and by Germany after WWI, to develop export / import markets. Nevertheless, there comes a time when the system might divide the inhabitants between those that have entry to foreign currency echange (CUC-convertible), and people who haven’t any such entry.
Additionally, the convertibility of the CUC with the Euro, Swiss franc, Pound Sterling and Yen, make the CUC, de facto, convertible with the greenback – therefore, the CUC is dollarized. That is what Washington likes, to maintain Cuba’s financial system, regardless of the embargo, within the orbit of the greenback hegemony which might be utilized in an try and progressively combine Cuba into the western, capitalist financial system. Nevertheless, Washington won’t succeed. Cuba is alert and has been resisting for the final 60 years.
The Fifth Column refers to clandestine and / or overt infiltration of opposing and enemy parts into the federal government. They arrive within the type of NGOs, US-CIA educated native or foreigners to destabilize a rustic – and particularly a rustic’s financial system – from inside.
There are ever extra nations that don’t bend to the dictate of the empire and are targets for Fifth Columns – Russia, China, Iran, Syria, Venezuela, Pakistan and extra – and Cuba.
The time period, “Fifth Column” is attributed to Common Emilio Mola, who through the Spanish civil conflict in 1936, knowledgeable his homologue, Basic Francisco Franco, that he has 4 columns of troops marching in the direction of Madrid, and that they might be backed by a “fifth column”, hidden inside the town. With the help of this fifth column he anticipated to complete with (the authentic) Republican authorities.
The method of “infiltration” is turning into ever extra refined, bolder and appearing with complete impunity. Maybe probably the most (in)well-known group to foment Fifth Columns all over the world, amongst many others, is the Nationwide Endowment for Democracy (NED), the prolonged arm of the CIA. It goes as a so-called NGO, or ‘overseas coverage thinktank’ which receives tons of of tens of millions of dollars from the State Division to subvert non-obedient nations’ governments, bringing about regime change by means of infiltration of overseas educated, funded and armed disruptive forces, sowing social unrest and even “civil wars”. Instances in level are Ukraine, Syria, Afghanistan, Sudan, Somalia, Libya – and extra – and now they try and topple Venezuela’s reliable, democratically elected Authorities of Nicolás Maduro.
They work by means of nationwide and worldwide NGOs and even universities within the nations to be ‘regime modified’. A part of this ‘Infiltration” is an enormous propaganda marketing campaign and intimidation on so-called allies, or shopper states. The method to succeed in regime change might take years and billions of dollars. Within the case of Ukraine, it took a minimum of 5 years and 5 billion dollars. In Venezuela, the method in the direction of regime change began some 20 years in the past, as quickly as Hugo Chavez was elected President in 1998. It caused a failed coup in 2002 and was adopted by ever growing financial sanctions and bodily army threats. Earlier this yr, Washington was capable of intimidate virtually all of Europe and a big proportion of Latin America into accepting a US-trained implant, a Trump puppet, Juan Guaidó, because the interim president, trying to push the true professional Maduro Authorities apart.
To place impunity to its crest, the Trump Authorities blocked 12 billion dollars of Venezuela’s overseas reserves in NY financial institution accounts and transferred the authority of entry to the cash to the illegitimate self-appointed interim president, Juan Guaidó. Alongside the identical strains, the UK refused to return 1.2 billion dollars-worth of Venezuelan gold to Caracas. All these felony acts wouldn’t be attainable with out the within assist, i.e. the “Fifth Column”, the members of which are sometimes not readily identifiable.
It isn’t recognized, how typically the empire tried ‘regime change’ in Cuba. Nevertheless, none of those makes an attempt have been profitable. The Cuban Revolution won’t be damaged.
Water assets is a Human Proper and an important element of an financial system of resistance.
Water assets can be extra valuable sooner or later than petrol. The dual satellites GRACE (Gravity Restoration and Local weather Experiment) found the systematic depletion of groundwater assets all through the world, because of over-exploitation and large contamination from agriculture and industrial waste. Examples, amongst many, are the northern Punjab area in India with large, inefficient irrigation; and in Peru the Pacific coastal area, because of inefficient irrigation, unretained runoff rain- and river water into the Pacific Ocean, and destruction of complete watersheds by means of mining.
Privatization of water assets, not solely of consuming water and water for irrigation, however of complete aquifers, is turning into an growing calamity for the peoples of our planet. Once more, with impunity, big water firms, led by France, the UK and the US are regularly and quietly encroaching on the diminishing recent water assets, by privatizing them, in order to make water a commodity to be bought at “market costs”, manipulated by the water giants, therefore, depriving prepared entry to consuming water to an ever-growing mass of more and more impoverished populations, victims of globalized neoliberal economies. For instance, Nestlé and Coca Cola have negotiated with former Brazilian President Temer, and now with Bolsonaro, a 100-year concession over the Guaraní aquiver, the most important recognized, renewable freshwater underground useful resource, 74% of which is underneath Brazil. Bolsonaro has already stated he would open up the Amazon space for personal buyers. That would imply privatization of the world’s largest pool of recent water – the Amazon basin.
Financial Resistance means water is a human proper and is a part of a rustic’s sovereignty; water ought to NEVER be privatized.
For Cuba rainwater – on common about 1,300 mm / yr – is the one useful resource of recent water. Cuba, like most islands, is weak to rainwater runoff, estimated at as much as 80%. There are already water shortages throughout sure occasions of the yr, leading to droughts in particular areas. Small retention partitions might assist infiltrate rainwater into the bottom, and on the similar time regulate irrigation, present consuming water and probably generate electrical energy for native use via small hydroelectric crops.
The Nationwide Water Assets Institute (INRH – Instituto Nacional de Recursos Hidráulicos), is conscious of this situation and is formulating a forward-looking water technique and planning the development of infrastructure works to safe a national water stability.
Different challenges embrace the hygienic reuse and evacuation of waste water, in addition to within the medium to long term an island-wide Built-in Water Assets Administration (IWRM).
In Conclusion, Financial Resistance is perhaps summarized as follows:
- Self-sufficiency in meals, well being providers and schooling. Cuba has achieved the latter two and is now aiming at attaining 100% agricultural autonomy – and within the meantime is suggested diversifying meals import markets.
- Financial and monetary sovereignty, together with progressive dedollarization, deglobalizing financial financial system and creating inner financial concord.
- The “Fifth Column” – all the time concentrate on its existence and with perseverance maintain happening the trail of previous successes, stopping the Fifth Column’s destabilizing actions.
- Water assets autonomy – attaining countrywide Built-in Water Assets Administration, with give attention to safety, conservation and environment friendly water use.